Thursday, January 1, 2015

Impairment and Development of Rating Scales for ADHD

For the past several years we have been updating the Conners Rating Scales in order to accomplish several goals:


  • Establish new norms based upon a large census-based sample in North America, using the latest statistical analytic methods
  • With the 3rd Revision of the ADHD Scale (C-3), add items to improve test-taking validity
  • Provide separate norms for DSM and empirically based factor ADHD items
  • Add a new scale to cover broader aspects of childhood psychopathology (Comprehensive Behavior Rating Scale  or CBRS)
  • Provide more useful detailed report features with automated scoring
Data from the large standardization project can reveal important information about the diagnosis of ADHD. For example, the significance of the Impairment data comparing the general population with diagnosed ADHD is the fact that they show an excess of diagnoses were made without reference to impairment. A substantial portion of responses to the question of degree of impairment among children with a diagnosis of ADHD in the sample is "Never," this despite the fact that approved DSM standards were supposedly used. 

Diagnosing from symptoms without evidence of impairment is simply shoddy practice! 




1 comment:

Joshua deherratt said...

This is a very, very brief summary/generalisation of the evolution of the original races. It is just designed to give a very quick to read idea of how we all came to be today.

The original Scandinavian race was the blonde haired, blue eyed, white skinned race (light featured) that originated from Scandinavia some 45,000 to 50,000 years ago.

The Scandinavian race evolved from the Black African race that migrated out of Africa some 125,000 years ago and settled in Scandinavia. 80,000 years of total isolation in Scandinavia and the original Black Africans evolved to the original Scandinavians.

The Indian race also evolved from the Black African race that migrated out of Africa and then settled in India. Tens of thousands of years of isolation in India and the original Black Africans evolved to the original Indians. (Indian = dark hair, dark eyes, dark skin, dark featured)
The Oriental race also evolved from the Black African race that migrated out of Africa and then settled in Far East Asia. Tens of thousands of years of isolation in Far East Asia and the original Black Africans evolved to the original Orientals.(Oriental = dark hair, dark eyes, dark skin, dark featured) The Australian Aboriginal race also evolved from the Black African race that migrated out of Africa and then settled in Australia. Tens of thousands of years of isolation in Australia and the original Black Africans evolved to the original Australian Aboriginals.(Australian Aboriginal = dark hair, dark eyes, dark skin, dark featured) 45,000 years ago there was a lot of movement as the Ice-Age pushed these Scandinavians out of Scandinavia. These Scandinavian spread out through Europe and into Asia and in Asia they mixed with the Indians, this formed the Arabic peoples (Indo-Scandinavians).

The Scandinavians also migrated into Far East Asia and mixed with the Orientals forming the Korean/Chinese/Japanese types.
Arabic peoples moved back West into North Africa and then up into Spain, Italy and Greece mixing with the Scandinavians that had originally settled there, this formed the original Spanish, Italian and Greek ethnicities. Oriental Scandinavians also moved back West and mixed with the original Scandinavians in Europe forming what we now know as ‘Slavic’ types. What with brown hair and brown eyes being dominant over blonde hair and blue eyes more Scandinavians in Europe became darker. Yes, Europeans are mostly Scandinavian race with varying amounts of Indian race and Oriental race in them which gives many these darker features.